Information manipulation is not a new phenomenon, but it has taken on an entirely new dimension because of the unprecedented capacity of the internet and social networks to diffuse information and render it viral, and the crisis of confidence that our democracies are currently experiencing. This phenomenon has manifested itself in recent years through various electoral interferences; it threatens democracies and the sovereignty of their institutions. The CAPS and the IRSEM have thus joined forces to study this issue.
This report is the product of field research (around a hundred interviews in twenty countries) in order to develop a better understanding of the nature of the problem and identify good practices put in place by States and civil society. Our research is equally based on the abundant scientific literature on the subject. This report examines the causes, the consequences, and the responses to information manipulation of State origin which targets the populations of other states, concluding with a list of 50 recommendations for action.
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